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Author Topic: Commonly Used Modeling Terms  (Read 2216 times)
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« on: April 08, 2010, 08:19:47 AM »

Acrylic paint:  Water-based paint that is applied either by hand-brushing or airbrushing.  This paint can be thinned using distilled water, alcohol, tap water, Windex, and a number of other liquids.

Cardstock kit:  Model kit printed on heavy paper or cardstock, usually in color, to be cut out and assembled by a modeler.  The range and quality of these kits varies widely, from very simple to extremely complex.

Enamel paint:  Solvent-based paint that is applied either by hand-brushing or airbrushing.  This paint must be thinned using solvents such as paint thinner or mineral spirits.

Flash:  Extra medium that remains attached to the kit’s pieces.  Commonly seen in vinyl and styrene kits, it is generally a small, thin bit of material that can be removed using a sharpened hobby knife.

Garage kit:  A model kit produced by a small, non-mainstream model company.  The term first came to use because the companies were run, literally, in the garage workshops of the owners.

Injection molding:  Process by which melted plastic is injected through holes into a metal mold, with the plastic taking the shape of the interior of the mold.  This is the most common form of model kits in terms of the number of kits available.

Medium:  The type of material that a model kit is made from.  Examples of mediums include: plastic, resin, vinyl, and wood.

Recast:  Taking a design and/or kit created by someone else and making a copy of the kit for sale.  Please see the thread entitled “Recast – a term to know and understand” for more information.

Release Agent:  This is used to help remove the resin parts from the mold after the casting process has been completed.  Depending on the company doing the casting, a release agent can be anything from a chemical liquid to a powder form.  A bit of the release agent is usually left on the parts, which is why it is necessary to wash kit parts before starting construction.

Resin:  A chemically-produced medium that has two parts which are mixed together to form the medium.

Scale model:  “a representation or copy of an object that is larger or smaller than the actual size of the object. Very often the scale model is smaller than the original and used as a guide to making the object in full size.”

Scribing:  The practice of using a sharpened implement to put lines and/or detailing on a model kit.  The implement can be a hobby knife, a pin, or even a specialized tool purchased from a hobby supplier.

Scribing Template:  A set of plastic or metal sheets that offer a variety of shapes and lines for use in the modeling hobby.  The templates are used to additional detailing to model kits, either by scribing directly onto the kit, or onto sheet stock for cutting and placement on the model.

Sheet stock:  Refers to extra styrene stock purchased from a hobby store or from an on-line retailer.  Sheet stock can be purchased in a multitude of shapes and sizes, from actual sheets of styrene to strips to tubes to beams.  Evergreen and Plastruct are two of the more common suppliers in the United States.

Short run:  A kit that has a limited production period or a limited number of kits that are produced.

Sprues:  Also known as “trees” or “runners”.  Sprues are the plastic or resin frames that hold the parts of the model kit.  With mainstream companies, the sprues generally have a small tab located alongside the part that identifies the part by number.

Vacuform:  A process “whereby a sheet of plastic is heated to a forming temperature, stretched onto or into a single-surface mold, and held against the mold by applying vacuum between the mold surface and the sheet.”  Wikipe
« Last Edit: April 08, 2010, 08:41:29 AM by Lonewolf » Logged

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